How is Cannabis Oil Made?

Bethan Jenkins

October 25th, 2017


Marijuana has long been favored for a particular compound, called tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). However, lately, the ‘high’ ingredient is not gaining as much attention as another compound, called cannabidiol (CBD). Media reports and claims from medical professionals, including the American Cancer Society, have hailed CBD as a possible cure for widespread illnesses and ailments, with cancer being one of the life-threatening diseases on the list of CBD-beneficial diseases.

New scientific findings have given cannabis cultivators the push to harvest plants with high-CBD content. It is this compound that can be extracted from the plant matter and turned into what we know as cannabis oil. Capable of combatting inflammatory disorders, cancer cells and psychosis disorders, the medical properties of CBD can minimize the psychoactive effects associated with THC-rich strains, of which may include paranoia and forgetfulness.

Uses for Cannabis Oil and the Importance of Strain Choice

Charlotte’s Web Cannabis Oil is one of the most well-known and tested products available on the market today; just one fine example of what the key ingredient in cannabis has the potential to achieve. Developed by the Stanley Brothers to cure a young girl of a rare form of Epilepsy, Charlotte’s Web is one of many types of oil that interacts with other cannabis compounds for the user’s benefit. Some people are even administering cannabis oil to their pets!

Here are a few marijuana strains that contain a high percentage of CBD, making them suitable for extraction:

  • Harlequin (5:2 CBD/THC ratio)

  • Ringo’s Gift (24:1 CBD/THC ratio)

  • Sweet and Sour Widow (1:1 CBD/THC ratio)

  • AC/DC (20:1 CBD/THC ratio)

  • Pennywise (1:1 CBD/THC ratio)

Oils aside, you can also make/acquire CBD products in the form of vaporizer liquids, edibles, tinctures and topicals. Some oils can be applied directly to the skin for instant relief from carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and arthritis, while other types of pure extracts can be baked into food, orally consumed in capsule form or dropped under the tongue. ‘Vaping’ cannabis oil using an electronic vaporizer device is fast becoming a popular method of consumption for cannabis connoisseurs.

Home Methods of Cannabis Oil Extraction

Alcohol is required to make your own cannabis oil from home but when purchased from a reputable seller, alcohol offers a high-proof alternative for bud growers, not to mention the people who enjoy using cannabis oil for non-smoking methods, such as medicinal benefit. You don’t necessarily need major skills to get the job done properly, although every extractor’s skills will develop as time progresses.

Tools for Making Cannabis Oil at Home

Required ingredients/apparatus for making cannabis oil from home include:

  • Your choice of bud (dried and trimmed)

  • High-proof or grain alcohol (must be safe for human consumption)

  • Mixing bowl (ceramic or glass)

  • Boiler, e.g. stackable pots and/or saucepans

  • Sieve or strainer

  • Tool to collect the extract, e.g. syringe, pliable spatula or a funnel.

Instructions for Making Cannabis Oil at Home

Follow these steps if you’re a beginner at oil extraction:

  1. Clear your working space to avoid hazards. Neatly organize your equipment and prepare to stir your mixture of cannabis with alcohol for at least three minutes.

  2. Cover to prevent oxygen from affecting CBD potency and use a spoon to gather resin that will accumulate on the surface.

  3. You should now have two separate bowls – one containing the combined mixture and another containing the raw material. A sieve can be used to accomplish this division of ingredients.

  4. Remember to get as much out of your batch as possible by re-stirring and sieving, until no more liquid can be expelled!

Methods of Industrial Cannabis Oil Creation

Experienced cannabis oil extractors are undoubtedly upping their game and entering the CBD oil market, which is gaining rapid momentum. Now is the time to be producing company business oils, whether it is for wholesale or privately-owned business sales.

In order to create the best CBD oil, trial and error is inevitable. Invest a little more money in the equipment and supplies (if you are really serious about it) and learn how to explore different strains easily, minus the time-consumption associated with home cannabis oil extraction.

Tools for Making Cannabis Oil to Industrial Standards

Required ingredients/apparatus for making cannabis oil that meets industrial standards (based on each extraction method) include:

  • Typical Solvent and Alcohol Method – Ingredients/apparatus include your preferred strain, food-safe grain alcohol, ceramic or glass mixing bowl, heat and a clean environment.

  • Hi-Flow Extraction Systems (CO2) – Larger quantities of cannabis oil can be produced when you invest in Hi-Flow Extraction Systems for CO2 extraction. Virtually maintenance-free, the high-tech equipment uses minimal energy and operates quietly.

Instructions for Making Cannabis Oil in Industrial Settings

Cannabis oil companies (many of which are being invested in for their potential to increase revenue for the recreational/medical marijuana market) will generally make CBD oil using the following advanced techniques:

  • Solvents and Alcohols – This cost-effective methods is suitable for start-up CBD entrepreneurs who cannot afford a huge initial expenditure. The only downside is that it can be a safety hazard since you will be exposed to a flammable substance and high temperatures. Nonetheless, the method is straightforward to master and basically, it involves the same steps as the heated alcohol technique (mentioned above). Although more time-consuming, there are some quality pieces of apparatus luring industrial CBD oil producers to this method.

  • CO2 Extraction – Efficient and versatile, this method demands stable pressure and temperature for the optimum extraction of botanical material. Hi-Flo systems do all of the work, so you don’t have to worry about constantly monitoring each batch of cannabis oil. Pressure and temperature stabilization separates each compound by its molecular weight, so you can make potent oils and resins with CO2 extraction.

Are there rules for making and selling/marketing CBD oils?

This depends on your state laws and you can stay updated with Cannabis FN’s newsletter. It is important that you abide by state laws and are completely honest when printing the contents of your CBD oil, due to the fact some consumers/users will not want to experience the effects of THC. Make sure each product is terpene-tested and is pesticide-free. If you manage to create a name for yourself in this industry, you could be in your oils (pun intended) as you sample your own types of CBD extracts.

Tips for Better Cannabis Oil Extraction

If you possess the knowledge and ability to constantly stay updated with advanced CBD oil techniques, you could create your very own operation built upon cannabis oil extraction. In fact, learning how to make your own oil could be highly profitable, with the cannabidiol oil market forecast to hit $2.1 billion by 2020.

Some tips to keep in mind if you want to extract pure, high-quality cannabis oil include dedicating some time each day to perusing CFN Media’s latest news and publications for updated information about CBD oils, seeking out a space where you can conduct a safe and successful operation and, of course, investing in essential equipment.

Grinders, jars, heating devices and extractor machines are a handful of tools that are relied on for both home and industrial cannabis oil extraction. Opt for a Hi-Flo extraction kit for the easiest and safest way to extract cannabis oil.

For more information about CBD oils and cannabis-related information, sign up to our free newsletter today.

Bethan Jenkins

About Bethan Jenkins

Bethan is a full-time wanderluster, traveler, and digital nomad with 7 years of experience in the freelance writing world. She has mastered the art of beating jet lag and using hammocks as an office for content curation.

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